In user research, avoiding uncertainty will influence the results and process in several ways. Understanding the perception of uncertainty is important in all cultures involved, from the client side to the evaluator side, to the local moderator and to the place – yes, for example. B the client accepts little uncertainty, but the management of the event accepts a high degree of uncertainty, the client may misunderstand the framework of the management of the site and feel fear. Italy, Greece and Spain all have a relatively high uncertainty avoidance value. In business, avoiding uncertainty is an important factor that influences how companies from different cultures communicate with each other and the outcome of communication. We also invite researchers to study crm systems models and their use in different sectors and countries to see how the characteristics of the business environment (national culture, level of competition, industry turbulence, etc.) affect the application and support CRM systems for customer knowledge creation processes. Given the importance of data sharing as a link between organizational learning and data quality, data quality mediates the relationship between sharing and performance, so future work is needed to expand the scope of data sharing, as this capability continues to challenge even the most demanding organizations. After all, the quality of customer data is multidimensional; As a result, more work needs to be done on the conceptual limits of customer data quality and relevance across multiple contexts. In terms of negotiations, an important dimension in which cultures differ considerably is the “avoidance of uncertainty” mentality, which refers to a society`s tolerance of insecurity and ambiguity. At the individual level, it reflects the extent to which members of a society try to cope with fear by minimizing insecurity. Avoiding uncertainty is one of the five key qualities or dimensions measured by researchers who developed the Hofstede model of cultural dimensions[1] to quantify cultural differences across international borders and better understand why certain business ideas and practices work better in some countries than in others.

Where I live (Barcelona), the local Catalans are long-term thinkers and culturally more engineers than the Spaniards (with the exception of the Basques and groups belonging to the “Catalan mentality”). New Zealand, on the other hand, is very much focused on “go for it”, “mend as you go” and entrepreneurship; This is the result of its history. Of course, another outcome in New Zealand`s history is the desire for social justice, and this is what has led to many innovative and long-term policies such as women`s suffrage, the world`s first universal social security system. Too bad the neoconservatives tried to change that. The third type of organization is the human resources bureaucracy, which is probably typical of countries that are characterized by a high rank in the dimension of electricity elimination combined with a low need to avoid uncertainty about the future. This has been called the family model (Hofstede, 2001: 377). As this term suggests, this type of organization focuses on a strong leader whose authority is attached to the individual, rather than the rank or position they occupy. These organizations are likely to be located in China, India, Hong Kong and Singapore, for example.

As with complete bureaucracies, technologies that facilitate the dissemination of information can be seen as a threat rather than an advantage in this type of organization. And then I compared the values that China, Taiwan and Korea have on avoiding uncertainty, it turns out that China has a comparatively low score compared to the other two countries. When a new product or brand is launched, consumers face a certain level of uncertainty resulting from ignorance of the product. To deal with such situations, from a culture of avoiding great uncertainty, consumers can try to minimize this uncertainty by resorting to well-criteria. B established to evaluate the new product, for example if the product comes from a reputable country of origin and brand image. These consumers are less receptive to innovative products and manufacturers. On the other hand, members from cultures with little uncertainty are more likely to welcome products with innovative designs or from a new company in a potentially promising country of origin. People from cultures with high levels of insecurity also have higher levels of stress and anxiety.

[4] These individuals have great value for control, which means that a defined structure helps in everything in their lives. Using rigid rules helps them define what they believe in and how they behave. Developing new ideas makes them uncomfortable and only takes risks that they know have success rates. [1] Older people with high AU are highly valued and feared. [4] When children are taught the faith of their culture, they cannot question it. [1] It is also noted that a high level of uncertainty avoidance is associated with more bureaucratic functioning and a lower risk appetite of the individual. This can be a problem for business negotiators if they have received a mandate from senior management. For example, bureaucratic orientation in ex-communist countries imposed strong state control over industry. As a result, Chinese negotiators, for example, tend to be unable to make individual decisions. Before an agreement is reached, formal government approval must be obtained from Chinese negotiators.

The US negotiating partner, who does not see this from the Chinese point of view, can interpret it as slow, unintended and unproductive. Some researchers confirm this trend among Chinese executives, who tend to consult their supervisor much more frequently than Canadian executives who belong to a company with little uncertainty. User behavior in online communities can vary greatly from culture to culture, which can be a problem for community managers and administrators. It can be difficult to plan and manage a community of users from different cultures, and cross-cultural research can help improve understanding of these cultural variations. Cultural differences can influence how individuals are motivated to use online communities (Madupu and Cooley, 2010), the information individuals bring to the community (Karl, Peluchette, & Schlaegel, 2010), shared knowledge (Shu and Chuang, 2011), how cultures interpret online privacy (Chen et al., 2008) and the degree and manner of cultural communication (Chu and Choi, 2011). By identifying these cultural differences, the main behavioural problems in online communities can be better understood (Chapman & Lahav, 2008). This is of great importance for people working in this field, and the findings on intercultural perspectives may suggest appropriate policy options for universities, regulators and businesses (Shin, 2010). Avoid uncertainty or the extent to which people in a country prefer structured to unstructured situations, and their tolerance for uncertainty, ambiguity and diversity of approaches (from relatively flexible to extremely rigid).

Lani, an MBA graduate, has spent the last 8 years researching, discussing, and writing about important concepts related to business and leadership, and people from cultures with little uncertainty prefer formal, strict rules to be created, avoiding actions that don`t fit those rules. Employees and their bosses believe that anything new or different is dangerous and risky. They usually worry about the future and resist change. The United States is extremely flexible, while Spain and France are not. In the United States, you can technically study almost anything everything and still get a job in a completely different field, provided you have a different type of experience to balance another degree. Hiring decisions are usually made based on more nebulous criteria such as your personality, work ethic, and the employer`s general sense of competence for the position. This is a risk-taking attitude: the employer accepts that they hire someone who doesn`t really know what they are doing and hopes that the new employee will bring new perspectives to their company/organization. In contrast, people may also have characteristics of low uncertainty avoidance. Unlike high AU, those with a low level use informality in interacting with others, they often rely on informal norms and behaviors in most areas. In addition, they will show moderate resistance to change.

[2] In the study on transformative leadership, creative self-efficacy, trust in superiors, uncertainty avoidance and innovative work behavior of nurses conducted by Bilal Afsar and Mariam Masood in Mansehra, Pakistan, there were two groups of nurses to see how the relationship between transformative leaders is related to their work behavior in terms of self-efficacy, trust in superiors and avoidance of insecurity. The first study hypothesized that there is a correlation between transformative leadership, confidence, and avoiding uncertainty that affects the success or effectiveness of their behavior at work. The second study hypothesized that the correlation between transformative leadership, confidence, and uncertainty avoidance is due to self-efficacy. With a strong and effective transformation leader, a leader who finds a change that needs to be made and makes the change with the help of the group members on a certain path, providing them with the necessary things to work with; makes their behavior at work more effective when caregivers have a high level of confidence and avoid uncertainty. .